Cold, dry winter weather can bring a lot of trouble to your skin. Not surprisingly, such weather conditions can be just as unfriendly to your hair. Cold weather can cause skin dryness and irritation and lead to the fact that the hair will lose moisture and become more brittle.
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In addition, according to hair care experts, there are some common mistakes that we make in the winter.
1. Going outside with wet hair
You’ve probably heard it before: don’t go outside with your hair wet or you’ll catch a cold. While this may not necessarily be true, there is another reason not to. According to colorist Jehnna Mahoney, when you go outside with wet hair at freezing temperatures, the water crystallizes and expands (this happens when ice forms), physically breaking your hair. Thus, your hair can freeze and break. To avoid this, you should wash your hair at night before going to bed so it is dry in the morning. Or you can dry it with a blow dryer, but in this case you should use a protecting spray. Mahoney also recommended the use of creams and balms designed for curly hair, especially if you feel that your strands are dry or brittle, as these products are designed to moisturize your hair.
2. Insufficient hair care
According to a master cosmetologist Ebony Bomani, overall, all hair should get more treatments in cold weather. Stylists agree that air conditioners, serums and leave-in products are a must for keeping your hair healthy during the cold months.
Mahoney says she is a big fan of hair oils that can nourish and moisturize as well as act as a protective barrier against damage from dry air and winter fabrics.
3. Washing with too hot water
Very hot water can dry out your skin and damage your hair. According to Mahoney, very hot water dries out both hair and skin, but rinsing your hair with moderately hot or warm water helps to maintain hair health.
As noted by Bomani, both too hot and too cold water can lead to hair dehydration, and it will cause dullness and fragility.
4. Washing too often
According to Bomani, this can lead to dry hair and scalp, resulting in flaky scalp and brittle hair. In this case, the sebaceous glands may become too active, which will make the scalp even oilier than usual. How often should you wash your hair? It depends on your hair type. Tighter curls tend to have fewer cuticle layers (the outer hair layer) than straighter hair, so they are more susceptible to damage and dryness.
You should shampoo every 2 to 3 days if you have straight or wavy hair and every 4 to 5 days if you have curly hair. Once per week will be enough for highly textured hair. Although washing your hair every day is usually too much, everybody’s scalp is different. People with oily scalp have to wash their hair more often, but it can eventually make the hair greasy faster. Overwashing sends a signal to the sebaceous glands to start producing even more sebum.
Based on her experience, Mahoney said that most people use too much shampoo and the process turns into a ‘foamy mess’, causing mechanical damage to the hair. Apply shampoo more like you would conditioner running fingers through the hair, massaging the scalp. Then, you should apply conditioner, starting from the midlengths, combing through to the ends — you can use a wide-tooth comb and clips.
5. Using too many alcohol-containing products
If you want your hair to be moisturized, these products are not for you. According to Mahoney, alcohol-based products, like some hair sprays, heat protecting and styling sprays, are definitely something that should not use too often in the winter. Alcohol is added to sprays, so the product dries quickly and retains the styling shape.
6. Choosing bad hats
Although a hat is necessary to maintain heat in the winter, you should consider whether it can harm your hair. Friction can cause damage to the hair, and in some cases, hats can cause oiliness, as they prevent the skin from breathing. Both beanies and earmuffs can damage the hair structure. However, your head should be covered, and it is better to use tight-knit fabrics or cashmere. But don’t worry too much because a hat cannot cause too much damage unless you’re wearing one all day, every day, without giving your head a chance to breathe.
Before you put it on, you can use leave-in conditioners to help with static control. Choose hats that are lined with silk or satin, so that the hair can glide without snagging (as is the case with wool or cotton).